Gujarat Vidyapith was established as a national university with no government charter. In this university, Gandhiji was its life-long chancellor. Professor A T Gidwani was founder vice-chancellor. After Gandhiji, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Morarji Desai Decked the post of chancellor of the Vidyapith. Later, many institutions, colleges, and schools were affiliated to the Gujarat Vidyapith.

Up to 1930, languages like Gujarati, Sanskrit, Marathi, Persian, Bengali, and English and subjects like Archeology, History, Political Science, Economics, Philosophy, Arithmetic, Accountancy, Music,  Pharmacy, and Indian studies were taught in Gujarat Vidyapith in graduation level. The Gujarat Vidyapith stopped functioning temporarily during the civil disobedience movements in 1930 to 1935, both the students and faculty members participated actively in the freedom struggle, many student courting arrest. Again, from 1942 to 1945, during the “Quit India” movement the functioning of Gujarat Vidyapith came to a standstill. After the year 1945, the Gujarat Vidyapith started its activities once again.

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